Planting Peanuts: A Practical Guide

  • By: Succulents Plants
  • Date: December 4, 2022
  • Time to read: 8 min.
Planting Peanuts
Peanuts Plant Photo by the courtesy of Monk Kang

Growing your own peanuts can be an incredibly rewarding experience, providing you with the freshest, most nutrient-rich peanuts available. Planting peanuts isn’t hard, but there are a few tips and tricks you should know in order to get the best results. In this guide, we’ll go over everything you need to know, from selecting the right seed to harvesting the peanuts. Whether you’re a novice gardener or a seasoned pro, you’re sure to learn something new! So let’s get started and find out how to plant peanuts.

Planting Techniques

When planting peanuts, it is important to pick a sunny spot in the garden. Peanuts need 8 to 10 hours of full sun in order to produce a good crop. Once the right spot is selected, it is time to prepare the soil. The soil should be tilled to 8 to 10 inches deep to allow for the peanuts to be planted. If the soil is compacted, it can be loosened by adding organic matter such as compost or aged manure.

Once the soil is prepared, it is time to plant the peanuts. The best way to do this is to dig a furrow 2 to 3 inches deep. Then, place two to three seeds per foot into the furrow. Make sure that the seeds are covered with soil and watered well. Peanuts should be planted in early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked.


Preparing the Soil

When planting peanuts, Providing a healthy environment for the peanuts to grow and produce a high yield is key. To get started, it’s important to ensure the soil has enough organic material, sufficient drainage, and is free from any weeds or debris that can interfere with the growth of the peanuts.

Organic matter is important because it helps to add nutrients and structure to the soil, as well as helping to retain moisture. To ensure the soil has enough organic matter, compost or manure can be added, or a soil test can be carried out. Additionally, ensuring the soil has good drainage is also important, as peanuts are prone to root rot if there is poor drainage. To ensure good drainage, raised beds can be installed and soil amendments, such as sand, can be added.

Weeds can also be a problem when planting peanuts, as they can compete with the peanuts for resources such as nutrients, water, and light. To get a successful crop, it is important to remove any existing weeds before planting. This can be done by hand or with the use of a herbicide. Finally, any debris such as rocks or sticks should also be removed, as these can interfere with the growth of the peanuts.

Sowing the Seeds

To start, you will need to choose the right type of peanut seed for your area. There are different varieties of peanuts that grow better in different climates, so make sure to do your research and choose the one that will be best suited to your area. The most common types of peanuts are Virginia and Valencia peanuts, both of which are widely available at garden supply stores.

Once you have chosen your variety, the next step is to prepare the soil for planting. Peanuts require well-drained and loamy soil with a pH between 6 and 7.5. If your soil does not meet this criteria, then consider adding peat moss or compost to the soil to raise the pH level. As peanuts are a warm-season crop, it is best to plant them in late spring or early summer once the soil has warmed up. Plant the seeds about two inches deep, with four inches of space between them.


Care and Maintenance

Once your peanuts have been planted, proper care and maintenance is essential for a successful harvest. Here are some tips for ensuring that your peanuts will remain healthy and productive.

First, it is important to keep the soil evenly moist. While peanuts are drought tolerant, they need regular water in order to grow properly. Make sure to check the soil every few days and water if it is beginning to dry out.

Second, mulch your peanut plants to keep the soil cool while discouraging weeds. Use organic mulch such as straw, wood chips, or leaves to create a layer of protection around your plants.

Third, keep an eye out for pests and diseases. Common peanut pests include aphids, mites, and leafhoppers. Diseases can range from bacterial wilt to leaf spot, so it is important to watch for signs of problems and treat them quickly.

Finally, be sure to rotate your crop. Peanuts are a legume and require rotation with other crop families such as corn, cucurbits, and squash to avoid nutrient depletion and reduce the spread of pests and diseases.

Watering the Plants

When watering the peanut plants, it is important to water them deeply but not too often. The best way to water plants is to let the soil dry out between waterings. This allows the plants to take in the water more efficiently and helps keep the soil from becoming waterlogged, which can suffocate and kill the plants.

When watering peanuts, make sure to water the entire soil around and beneath the plants. This helps ensure that the roots of the plants are able to get the water they need, rather than just the area around the stem. An easy way to know if a plant needs water is to press your finger lightly into the soil. If the soil is dry and crumbly, the plants need to be watered.

When watering peanuts, avoid using a sprinkler or a garden hose, as this could lead to too much water being delivered to the plants. Instead, use a watering can or a watering wand. This will help ensure that the plants get the right amount of water.

Weeding and Fertilizing

Weeding and fertilizing are two of the most important steps to creating a successful peanut planting venture. Weeding should be done on a regular basis to prevent competition for nutrients and water between the peanuts and any other plants that might be growing in the same space. The most effective way to weed is to remove weeds manually by hand or by using hoes and rakes, as this prevents the spread of herbicides.

Fertilizing is also crucial for peanuts, as it helps to replenish the soil with essential nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. When fertilizing, peanut plants need nitrogen to encourage leaf and stem growth, phosphorus to encourage root growth and potassium to help with the development of pods. It’s best to fertilize peanuts around the time of planting and then again every 3-4 weeks during the growth season, making sure to avoid contact with the peanut plant’s foliage.

In summary, both weeding and fertilizing are important steps in planting peanuts. Weeding should be done regularly to prevent competition for resources, and fertilizing should be done around the time of planting and every 3-4 weeks during the growth season. By taking these steps, growers can ensure that their peanut plants will have the best chance of success.

Harvesting the Peanuts

The best time to harvest your peanut plants is when they are dried and the peanuts are mature. Generally, this occurs about 120 to 140 days after planting. A successful harvest involves careful timing and monitoring of the plants.

When the peanut plants turn yellow or brown, pay close attention to the plants and begin digging around the vine. When digging, be sure to check for any mature rounds that have already been made. If you find any, you can carefully harvest the peanuts by hand.

In addition, be sure to check the soil around the plants to see if the peanuts have been plucked. In many cases, animals like deer and rabbits can be found to have already harvested the peanuts, so be sure to keep your eyes peeled.

Once you find mature peanuts, carefully dig them up, being careful not to damage the plant. If you are careful, the peanuts should easily come away from the vine. Place them in a container and store them in a cool, dry place until you are ready to process them.

When is the Best Time to Plant Peanuts?

Knowing when to plant peanuts can have a huge impact on the yield of your crop. Generally, the best time to plant peanuts is in early spring or late summer, depending on your location and climate.

In most of the United States, the ideal time to plant peanuts is from late April to early May. This ensures that the soil has had time to warm up and that the danger of frost has passed. Be sure to check the conditions in your area, as this timing may vary slightly depending on the location.

In the southern states, peanuts can also be planted in late summer, from late-July to early August. If summer is especially hot, however, planting in late summer can put a strain on the plants, so it’s important to monitor temperatures and soil conditions before planting.

It is also important to remember that the type of peanuts you’re planting can determine when to plant. Spanish peanuts, which are smaller and typically used in candy and snack mixes, require cooler temperatures and should be planted earlier in the season. Runner peanuts, which have a higher oil content and are used for peanut butter, are more heat-tolerant and should be planted later in the season.


Growing your own peanuts is a rewarding, yet challenging endeavor. Not only do you have to manage the soil and water requirements, but also the selection and sowing of the right peanut seeds, maintenance of the plants, and the timely harvesting of the crops. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can have your own peanut patch growing in no time.

Although planting peanuts does take some effort and time, the results are worth it. From preparing the soil to harvesting, you will find yourself with a plentiful supply of peanuts in the end. Not to mention, you now have the knowledge to cultivate your own peanuts year after year.

Overall, planting peanuts is a worthwhile experience that could become a fun and rewarding hobby. With the right preparation, maintenance and care, you can be sure to have success no matter what time of year you decide to grow your peanuts. Try planting your own peanuts today!


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