Growing Your Own Coffee Plant: A Step-by-Step Guide

  • By: Succulents Plants
  • Date: December 9, 2022
  • Time to read: 11 min.
Coffee Plant
Photo by courtesy of Anna Subbotina

Have you ever looked at a bag of beans or ground coffee and wished you could pluck the beans off your own coffee plant? Now you can! Growing your own coffee plant is a rewarding and unique experience. This guide will teach you all the basics of cultivating your own coffee, from purchasing the suitable variety to pruning and training the plant. With patience and the proper care, you can enjoy the best cup of coffee for years to come!

What You’ll Need

Growing your own coffee plant doesn’t have to be difficult or complicated – all you need is the right materials and patience! Before you get started, here’s a checklist of all the things you’ll need to cultivate your own coffee plant successfully:

– Coffee beans: The foundation of any good coffee plant is the coffee beans! Make sure to select a variety of high-quality, freshly-roasted coffee beans.

-Container/pot: Choose a pot that’s large enough for your coffee plant to grow and has good drainage to prevent root rot.

-Soil: Coffee plants need well-draining, nutrient-dense soil, such as peat moss and compost.

-Fertilizer: Choose a fertilizer specifically designed for the growth and development of coffee plants.

-Mulch: Applying mulch to your coffee plant’s roots helps keep the soil moist and encourages the growth of healthy root systems.

– Sunlight: Coffee plants need a lot of sunlight, so make sure to place them in an area with plenty of direct sunlight throughout the day.

With the right materials, you’ll have your own coffee plant up and running in no time!

Step 1: Purchasing a Coffee Plant

There are many types of coffee plants, so you’ll have to do some research to decide which one is right for you and your specific climate. Fortunately, you can buy coffee plants from many retailers, from specialized nurseries to your local gardening store to even a website!

When picking out your coffee plant, look for ones with dark green, lush leaves, and avoid any with brown edges or yellowing leaves – these are not ideal for successful growing. If you’re not sure how to identify the perfect plant, it may be worth asking a nursery employee for some advice.

Once you have your plant, read up on the specific care instructions for the variety you have chosen. Most coffee plants require bright, indirect sunlight and well-draining soil, so be sure to find a location where your plant will get plenty of sunlight and minimal direct heat. If you live in an area that receives too much direct sunlight, you may need to invest in shade nets or move your plant to a different location.

That’s it for step one! The next step will cover planting and caring for your coffee plant.

Choosing the Right Variety

Various coffee plants are available, many of which produce different coffee beans. It’s important to know which variety of coffee plant is best for your local climate and conditions. Additionally, it’s important to consider whether you prefer the taste of certain beans produced by certain varieties.

The two main varieties of coffee plant are Arabica and Robusta. Arabica plants produce a milder tasting coffee bean, and usually require cooler climates with higher elevation. Robusta plants produce a stronger, more bitter tasting bean, and usually grow in lower elevations and hotter climates.

If you’re looking for a higher-yield variety of coffee plant, you may want to consider a hybrid, such as Catuai. Catuai plants are a mix of Arabica and Robusta plants, and are known for their high yields.

It’s also important to consider the shape, size, and color of the coffee beans when selecting the right variety of coffee plant. Different varieties produce different size and shaped beans, so check the label of the variety you’re considering to ensure they meet your requirements.

Finally, it’s important to research the growing conditions of the variety you’re considering. Different varieties require different levels of sunlight, water, soil, and other conditions. Knowing the right conditions for your area is essential for a successful coffee plant.

Choosing the right variety of coffee plant for your growing conditions is an important part of the process of growing your own coffee. Be sure to do your research and consult with a local expert to ensure you choose the right variety for your situation. This will ensure a successful and enjoyable experience growing your own coffee.

Step 2: Planting the Coffee Plant

Now that you have your coffee plant seeds, it’s time for the fun part: planting them! Take your pot and fill it with a well-draining soil, such as a mix of compost, sand and peat moss. Make sure to place 1/3 of the pot with a layer of small stones, to ensure good drainage.

Then, create small holes in the soil, spaced evenly apart. Place one coffee plant seed in each hole, and cover lightly with soil. Water the soil until it is moist, but not saturated. Place the pot in a warm and sunny area, making sure to keep it away from the direct sunlight.

Keep the soil moist, by adding water when needed. You may also want to use a liquid fertilizer to provide extra nutrition to your plant. Place a cover or humidity tent over the pot to provide extra moisture.

In a few weeks, you will start to see small sprouts coming out of the soil, and soon enough you will have your own coffee plant!

Choosing a Pot

One of the most important steps to successfully grow your own coffee plant is choosing the right pot. If you choose the wrong pot, your coffee plant may not thrive, so it’s important to find one suitable for your plant’s needs. Here are a few things you should consider when choosing a pot for your coffee plant:


The first thing to consider is the size of the pot. If the pot is too small, it won’t give your coffee plant enough room to spread its roots and grow properly. If the pot is too large, it will retain too much moisture and cause rot. A good rule of thumb is to choose a pot twice as big as the root ball.


Another important factor to consider is the pot’s drainage system. Coffee plants thrive in well-drained soil, so a pot with holes in the bottom is ideal. Additionally, make sure the holes are large enough to let excess water escape.


Lastly, consider the material of the pot. The pot’s material should hold moisture without becoming oversaturated, as this can lead to rot. Some good materials to choose from include unglazed ceramic, terracotta, and plastic.

Choosing the right pot is an important step in growing a healthy coffee plant, so take your time and choose the best option for your plant’s needs. With the right pot and regular care, you’ll have a thriving coffee plant in no time!

Soil and Fertilizer

For a healthy coffee plant, it’s important to use loose and well-draining soil. Loamy soil, a mix of sand and loam, is ideal, as it holds moisture and provides good drainage. Make sure to mix in organic matter and fertilizers, such as compost. This will give your coffee plant the nutrients it needs to thrive.

When it comes to fertilizers for coffee plants, you want to choose a fertilizer specially formulated for coffee plants. These typically include ingredients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. You can apply the fertilizer according to the directions on the package, and if needed, you can also add a slow-release type fertilizer, which will slowly and steadily provide nutrients to your coffee plant over time.

When it comes to watering your coffee plant, it’s important to keep the soil moist but not soggy. You want to avoid letting the soil become overly dry, as this can cause the roots to become stunted and less productive.

Overall, when it comes to soil and fertilizer for your coffee plant, it’s important to make sure you use a soil and fertilizer combination specifically designed for coffee plants. Doing so will ensure your coffee plant is healthy and productive!

Watering and Sunlight Requirements

Watering your coffee plant is essential for its growth, as it provides all the nutrients and moisture it needs to thrive. When watering your plant, use a soil which drains well, such as a compost-based soil or a sandy soil. You should water your coffee plant until the soil is evenly moist but not saturated, and make sure to water regularly. Over-watering can lead to root rot and other problems.

In terms of sunlight, your coffee plant will benefit from at least six hours of bright, indirect sunlight per day. Make sure to place your coffee plant on a windowsill or other area where it can receive plenty of sunlight. You may also want to consider providing your coffee plant with additional artificial light for more consistent growth.

Overall, ensure consistent and adequate water and sunlight to ensure healthy growth. With dedication and the correct care, you will soon be the proud owner of a beautiful, homegrown coffee plant.

Step 3: Maintaining Your Coffee Plant

Once your coffee plant is established and has begun producing coffee beans, it’s time to think about maintenance to keep it healthy and producing great-tasting coffee beans.

First and foremost, you’ll want to ensure your coffee plant has enough water. While coffee plants are resilient, they still need to be watered regularly. To water your coffee plant, it’s best to use clean, non-chlorinated warm water to mimic the plant’s natural environment. As a rule of thumb, coffee plants usually require water once or twice a week, depending on the season and local climate.

You’ll also want to ensure your coffee plant has proper drainage. It’s essential to pot your coffee plant so that the soil or potting mix has adequate drainage. A terracotta pot is a great option, as it allows plenty of airflow and water to drain out of the soil.

Nutrients are also important for the health and longevity of your coffee plant. Fertilizing your plant regularly will ensure it has the key nutrients it needs for growth and production. Choose a fertilizer specially formulated for coffee plants, and follow the directions for application.

Finally, it’s important to trim your coffee plant from time to time. Pruning your coffee plant will help keep it healthy and encourage new growth. When pruning your coffee plant, remove any dead or dying branches or leaves, and trim back any shoots that are too long. It’s also a good idea to check the soil surrounding the plant, removing any weeds or debris that could stunt its growth.

Following these tips will help keep your coffee plant healthy and produce quality coffee beans. With proper care and maintenance, your coffee plant will thrive for many years to come.

Pruning and Training

To begin, you’ll need to get yourself a pair of garden pruners and a trellis to train the plant onto.

When pruning a coffee plant, remove any dead or diseased branches, as well as any branches that cross or rub against each other. This will help keep the coffee plant healthy and disease free. Additionally, prune the plant in late winter or early spring to promote growth and encourage new shoots.

Training your coffee plant is also important, as it will help your plant become strong and prevent it from becoming overgrown. Start by using your trellis to tie the coffee plant’s branches onto. This will provide the coffee plant with support and give it an upright shape. You can also use a garden stake to help keep the coffee plant and its branches in place.

When training your coffee plant, be sure to keep the coffee plant’s base and stem straight and secure. This will help ensure proper growth and development. Additionally, prune the coffee plant regularly to promote branching and better coffee bean yields.

By pruning and training your coffee plant, you can ensure it grows strong and produces more coffee beans. With proper care and attention, your coffee plant will thrive and reward you with plenty of delicious coffee beans.

Fertilizing and Watering

When it comes to fertilizing, you should use a balanced fertilizer specifically designed for coffee plants, such as a 10-10-10 fertilizer. Apply it once a month during the growing season, and again every other month during the winter months. Avoid using too much fertilizer, as this can burn your plant’s roots.

When it comes to watering, your coffee plant needs to be kept evenly moist. Water your plant deeply once a week, and check the soil regularly to make sure it is not too dry. If the soil feels dry, increase the amount of water you give your plant each time you water. If you’re unsure how much water to give your plant, just keep an eye on the leaves: if they start to wilt, you’re not giving your coffee plant enough water. Make sure to water your coffee plant early in the day, as this helps ensure that any excess moisture evaporates before nightfall.

Common Problems and Pests

The most common pest to affect the coffee plant is the coffee borer beetle. These small, dark-colored beetles can be found burrowing into the roots, leaves, and stems of your coffee plant, and can cause substantial damage. There are a few ways to get rid of the coffee borer beetles. The first is to remove any affected parts of the plant and dispose of them, as the beetles tend to lay their eggs in the debris. Then, use a broad-spectrum pesticide to target the remaining beetles.

Another common issue with the coffee plant is diseases and fungus. These can be caused by over-watering or too much heat, and can cause the leaves to turn yellow and wilt. To help prevent diseases and fungus, ensure you are watering your coffee plant properly, and that it is planted in a spot with good drainage. Additionally, using a fungicide and a water-soluble nutrient such as nitrogen can help prevent diseases and fungus.

Finally, you should be aware of the common problems that can arise from over-fertilizing your coffee plant. Too much nitrogen can cause the leaves to become yellow and the stems to become brittle, so it’s important to keep an eye on the amount of fertilizer you’re using. Additionally, be sure your soil is well-draining and free of any standing water, as this can also cause problems with your coffee plant.

With a bit of diligence and care, your coffee plant should be free of pests and problems. However, if you’re having difficulty with your plant, it’s best to contact a reliable horticulturist who can provide further guidance and advice.


Growing your own coffee plant is a great way to enjoy your favorite beverage in a totally new way. With a little effort, you can have your own coffee plant in your backyard. You can select the right variety of coffee plant to suit your space and climate, purchase everything you need, and plant it correctly in a pot with the right soil and fertilizer. With proper pruning and training, you can maintain your coffee plant and enjoy its beautiful foliage.

Regular watering and fertilizing also ensure a healthy, thriving plant. You may encounter a few common problems or pests, but with a little care and research, these can be handled. Ultimately, if you invest the time and energy, you can create the perfect home environment for your coffee plant and reap the rewards of enjoying a unique cup of coffee.


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