Growing Strawberry Plants: An Easy Guide

  • By: Succulents Plants
  • Date: December 29, 2022
  • Time to read: 8 min.
Grow Strawberry Plants
Photo by courtesy of Derkien

Growing your strawberry plants may seem daunting initially, but with the proper instructions and patience, you’ll be harvesting delicious, juicy strawberries in no time. This guide will cover everything you need to know about growing strawberry plants, from preparing the soil to storing the harvested strawberries. So, get ready to get your hands dirty and learn the basics of growing these tasty little gems.

Preparing Soil

Strawberries prefer soil with a slightly acidic pH level and loose texture that is well aerated, allowing the roots to grow without becoming too crowded. If your soil is unsuitable for growing strawberries, it can be amended with organic matter like compost, cotton burlap, or peat moss.

Once the soil is ready for planting, till the soil is about 8-10 inches deep, remove any rocks and debris. Before planting, mix in a slow-release fertilizer to ensure your plants get the nutrients they need.

To test the pH level of your soil, it’s best to use a soil test kit. Strawberry plants thrive in soil with a pH between 6.0 and 6.8, though some varieties prefer a slightly higher pH level. If you decide to amend the soil with lime, wait about two weeks for the lime to be fully absorbed before you begin planting.

Once the soil is ready, it’s time to start planting. Planting strawberry plants can be done with either bare root plants or ones already in pots. If using bare-root plants, soak them overnight in plain water before planting. Make sure to plant each one in a mound of soil so water can drain away from the roots.

Planting Strawberry Seeds

Planting strawberry seeds is the easiest and most common way for home gardeners to grow their strawberry plants. With just a little effort, you can grow delicious and nutritious strawberries in your backyard or on your balcony in just a few months.

Selecting the Right Seed

With such a broad number of strawberry plants, deciding which is best for your garden can be overwhelming. Here are some tips to help you choose the best seed for your strawberry plants.

First, consider what type of strawberry plant you would like to grow. Strawberries are a popular fruit in many shapes, sizes, and colors. You can find strawberry plants that are disease-resistant, drought-tolerant, and even ones that produce larger berries. Pick the type of strawberry plant that fits your gardening goals and climate.

Next, look for organic strawberry plants or heirloom varieties. Organic varieties are free of chemical inputs, so you can be sure you are getting a safe and healthy product. Heirloom varieties have been passed down from generation to generation and can have unique characteristics not found in other plants.

When it comes to seeds, you should also look for those labeled as certified disease-free. This is especially beneficial if you deal with common diseases affecting strawberry plants. The certified disease-free label means the seed has been tested and proven not to carry any of the most common strawberry plant diseases.

Finally, check to see if the seed is labeled non-GMO. GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms, and this type of seed has been altered in a lab. Non-GMO seeds are much more natural and provide higher yields.

When selecting the right seed for your strawberry plants, take your time and research the different types of seeds available. This will ensure you get the best quality and yield from your strawberry plants.

Planting Seeds

The first step is to purchase some quality strawberry plants. These can be bought from nurseries, garden centers, and even online. Make sure you read the labels carefully to choose the suitable variety for your area.

Once you have your plants, it’s time to prepare the soil. You’ll need to add plenty of organic matter like compost or manure to the soil. This will help the strawberry plants take root and ensure they get the necessary nutrients.

When it’s time to plant, dig around 15 cm deep holes, spread the roots evenly in the hole, cover them with soil, add some fertilizer or compost to the top of the soil and give each plant a good watering.

Finally, mulch around the plants with some straw or grass clippings. This will help to retain moisture in the soil and prevent weeds from taking over.

Caring for Strawberry Plants

While growing strawberries doesn’t require much effort, not taking proper care of your plants can lead to poor yields. Here are some critical steps to ensure your strawberry plants stay healthy and productive.

The first step in caring for your strawberry plants is providing them with the right conditions. Strawberry plants prefer a sunny but sheltered spot with a pH soil balance of 6.0-6.5. They also need well-drained, fertile soil with good organic content. Add plenty of compost and manure to the soil before planting.

Once your strawberry plants are in the ground, water them regularly. Try to water them with about one inch of water per week. During warmer weather, you may need to water more often. Make sure to water the entire plant, not just the leaves, so the moisture reaches the root system.

Proper fertilization is also essential for healthy strawberry plants. Fertilize your strawberry plants before the growing season with an all-purpose fertilizer. You may also want to feed your strawberry plants during the year to ensure they stay healthy. Look for fertilizers that are designed explicitly for strawberry plants.

Weeds can also be a problem for strawberry plants. Remove any weeds as you spot them, especially young plants. Use a hoe or hand-weeder to remove weeds, not disturbing the plant’s roots gently.

Finally, prune your strawberry plants once a year. Pruning will help your plants stay healthy and productive. Prune back the leaves of your plants in early spring and late fall. Make sure to leave some healthy leaves and buds so your plants can still get enough sunlight.

Harvesting Strawberries

Once your strawberry plants have grown and flourished, you’ll be ready to start harvesting your sweet and juicy strawberries. The harvest time depends on the variety of strawberry plants you’ve chosen. As the name suggests, June-bearing strawberries are usually ready for harvest around June. On the other hand, day-neutral and everbearing varieties will produce fruit over a more extended period, usually beginning in late spring and continuing into the summer.

When harvesting your strawberries, gently pick them when they are fully plump and bright red. For everbearing varieties, you may want to pick the berries two or three times during the growing season. For June-bearing varieties, you’ll want to pick all the fruit at once since the season is so short. Be sure to leave the green “crown” attached to the berry when harvesting, as this will help prolong its shelf life.

Once you’ve picked your strawberries, you’ll want to store them properly. Strawberries are sensitive to the cold and should not be exposed to temperatures below 32 degrees. Keep them in a covered container and store them in the refrigerator for the best results. Strawberries can be kept for up to five days in the refrigerator and used within a few days of harvest for optimal taste and nutrition.

Storing Strawberries

Storing your freshly-picked strawberries is impintegral growing and preserving your strawberry plants. While the optimal method of storing depends on how you intend to use the berries, here are some tips you should keep in mind when storing strawberries.

First, it’s best to store strawberries in a single layer with plenty of space between them. This will help prevent bruising and mold. Place the berries in a shallow container lined with paper towels and keep them in the refrigerator.

It’s also a good idea to leave the caps (green leafy tops) on the strawberries when storing. This will help keep the strawberries fresh for up to four days. However, if you plan to use the strawberries within a day, removing the caps is okay.

When it comes to freezing strawberries, it’s best to do so within one to two days of picking. To freeze, wash and dry the strawberries and remove the caps. Place them in a single layer on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper or a silicone baking mat. Freeze for two hours, then transfer to a freezer-safe bag or container and store in the freezer. Frozen strawberries can last up to a year.

Finally, if you have an excess of ripe strawberries that you don’t plan to use immediately, you can make strawberry jam! Jam is an easy and delicious way to store and enjoy strawberries year-round.

Refrigerating Strawberries

First, you want to make sure your strawberries are clean. Rinse them under cold water and pat them dry with a paper towel. Then, you’ll need to remove the caps from the strawberries and discard them.

Next, you’ll want to spread your strawberries in a single layer on an open dish or baking sheet. Avoid overcrowding the strawberries, as this can cause them to spoil faster. Once your strawberries are all spread out, place them in the refrigerator.

When it comes to how long to refrigerate your strawberries, aim to keep them cold for at least a week, but at most two weeks. After two weeks, the strawberries will likely lose their flavor and texture. If you want to extend the storage life of your strawberries, you can always freeze them. If you decide to freeze your strawberries, you can enjoy them for up to six months.

When you’re ready to use your strawberries, take them out of the refrigerator or freezer and store them at room temperature for a few hours. This will allow them to come back to the ideal texture for eating. Enjoy your fresh and flavorful strawberries!

Canning or Freezing Strawberries

Freezing is an easy and convenient way to preserve strawberries, as it doesn’t require complicated canning equipment or techniques. To freeze strawberries, start by washing and hulling them. Please place them in a single layer on a greased baking sheet, and freeze for about an hour. Once the berries are frozen, transfer them to a container or bag and store them in your freezer until ready to use.

If you’d like to try canning, ensure you have all the necessary supplies, such as a canner and jars, lids, and rings. Once you have the supplies, you’ll have to prepare the strawberries. Wash and hull the berries, then cut them into slices or leave them whole, depending on your preference. Lastly, prepare your jars and start the scanning process.

Both freezing and canning strawberries are straightforward methods of preserving your harvest and providing you with delicious, healthy snacks and ingredients all year round.


Growing strawberry plants is a fun way to spruce up your garden or yard and add something delicious to your diet. From preparing the soil to harvesting and storing strawberries, this guide provides step-by-step instructions to help you do it right. With the proper seed selection and plenty of care, you’ll soon have tasty strawberries for your family. Planting strawberry plants is easier than you thought, and you don’t need a green thumb to be successful. You can enjoy the sweet rewards of homegrown strawberries with patience and effort.


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