Growing Chamomile Plants: The Complete Guide

  • By: Succulents Plants
  • Date: December 28, 2022
  • Time to read: 8 min.
Chamomile Plants
Photo by courtesy of mladn61

Chamomile is an incredibly fragrant plant with a long history of use for medicinal and culinary applications. If you want to grow your chamomile plants, you’ve come to the right place. This guide will take you through the various steps involved in growing chamomile, from selecting the right location to taking care of your chamomile plants and harvesting them. So, if you’re ready to start growing chamomile, let’s get started!

What is Chamomile?

Chamomile is an herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the Asteraceae family, which includes other herbs like sage and yarrow. It is most commonly known for its soothing properties, making it a popular choice for herbal tea. The plant has small, daisy-like flowers that grow on stems above the foliage, usually in white or yellow colors.

Chamomile has a long history of being used for medicinal purposes. Ancient Egyptians used it for its anti-inflammatory, calming, and antispasmodic properties. Traditional medicine was used for everything from digestion to skin disorders. Modern science has shown that it effectively treats certain conditions like digestive issues, insomnia, anxiety, and more.

The two main types of chamomile are Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum Nobile) and German chamomile (Matricaria recutita). The Roman variety is native to Europe and is an evergreen that reaches up to 12 inches high. The German variety is a taller plant reaching up to 24 inches in height and is native to Europe, western Asia, and northwest Africa.

Choosing a Location

When it comes to growing chamomile plants, there are several things to consider before you begin. One of the most important decisions you will have to make is where you will plant the chamomile. This can make or break the success of your chamomile harvest, so it’s essential to choose the optimum spot.

When it comes to choosing a location for your chamomile plants, here are a few key things to keep in mind:


Sunlight Requirements

The chamomile plant needs direct sunlight to grow optimally. Ideally, the plant needs six or more hours of direct sunlight a day, although some varieties may be able to tolerate partial shade if the conditions are suitable.

If you provide too little sunlight for the chamomile plant, the plant will become limp and weak, and the blossoms will be fewer and smaller. To help support the plant, it’s essential to provide plenty of indirect sunlight, which is necessary for chamomile plant growth. This means finding a spot with plenty of light but enough protection from direct sunlight to prevent the leaves from burning.

Another essential factor to consider when it comes to sunlight requirements for chamomile plants is the intensity of the sunlight. If the sunlight is too intense, it can damage the plant. When growing chamomile, it’s essential to ensure the light is not too strong, as this can cause the plant to scorch and die.

Finally, it’s important to remember that chamomile plants are very hardy and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures. They do best in temperatures between 65°F and 85°F but can tolerate temperatures as low as 55°F.

Soil Requirements

Chamomile plants prefer light and well-draining soil, with a slightly acidic pH level between 6.0 and 6.5. This means you should avoid heavy, clay-like soil and environments that are too wet or too dry. If your soil is too wet, the roots of your plant can rot, while if your soil is too dry, your plant will struggle to get enough water and nutrients.

The best way to give your chamomile plant the necessary nutrients is to incorporate organic matter, such as compost or manure, into the soil. Not only does this give the plant more nutrition, but it also helps to create the perfect drainage conditions for your chamomile plant. Additionally, make sure to plant your chamomile in an area with plenty of sun, as these plants prefer full sun for maximum growth.

If you take the time to ensure that your chamomile plants have the ideal soil requirements, you’ll be rewarded with a beautiful and fragrant addition to your garden.


When watering chamomile plants, it is best to err on caution and water them only when the top inch of the soil is dry. This is especially true during the summer when the plant is actively growing and producing flowers.

If the soil can dry out completely, the plant may suffer from wilting, yellowing, and even death. To prevent this from happening, it is essential to water the plants regularly. Be careful not to saturate the soil, as this can lead to root rot and other issues. If the soil is too wet or soggy, you can drain it by digging holes around the perimeter of the pot and allowing excess water to escape.

To ensure the plant is getting enough water, use a soil moisture meter to check the soil’s moisture level. This can help identify when the chamomile plant needs to be watered and can help you avoid over or under-watering the plant. Additionally, try to water the plant in the morning, as this will give the plant time to absorb the water before the heat of the day.


When it comes to fertilizing, chamomile plants thrive most when given a balanced fertilizer with an equal proportion of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. You can use a store-bought fertilizer explicitly designed for chamomile plants or make your DIY mix. If you’re using a store-bought fertilizer, read the instructions, so you know how often to apply it and in what quantity.

When fertilizing your chamomile plant, water it thoroughly to help it reach the roots; once you’ve applied the fertilizer, wait a few weeks before feeding again to give your chamomile plant a chance to absorb the nutrients.

It’s essential to keep in mind that over-fertilizing your chamomile plant can be detrimental to your plant’s health. Too much fertilizer can cause your plant to become stunted and slow its growth. To avoid this, follow the application instructions closely and read the label to ensure that you’re giving your chamomile plant the right amount of food and nutrients.

Weeding and Mulching

For weddings, try to remove persistent weeds when they first appear. These early invaders can be some of the most difficult to remove. Pulling the weeds with your hands is the most effective way to ensure the root systems are entirely removed. If the weeds are particularly tenacious, spray an organic weed killer like vinegar or boiling water to kill them off. Typically, chamomile plants can choke out weeds, which is one of the easiest ways to keep them at bay.

Mulching will also help your chamomile plants remain healthy. Mulching can be done in many ways, but the most important thing is to use a material that keeps moisture in and weeds out. Peat moss and shredded bark are two of the most common mulch. They work well to retain moisture and discourage weeds. Plus, they can make your garden look neat.

Finally, if you plan to plant multiple chamomile plants in a single area, separate them by at least 10 inches to give them adequate growing space. This will make weeding and mulching much more manageable and help prevent overcrowding.


To harvest your chamomile plants, start by picking the flower heads when the plant is in full bloom. Then cut off the stems. It’s best to harvest during the morning before the sun has drained out some of the oils present in the flowers. You can also pick the leaves, but make sure to leave a few leaves on the plant for it to continue growing.

Once your harvest is complete, you can decide what to do with your chamomile flowers and leaves. If you want to dry them, spread the flowers out on a drying rack or parchment paper in a dark, cool area. If you plan on using the flowers for tea, drying them will make them last longer. For the leaves, you can store them fresh in the refrigerator or freeze them for later. It’s best to use them within a few days, as they can spoil quickly.

Pests and Diseases

The first step in managing pests and diseases is to practice good gardening habits. Start by regularly checking your chamomile plants for any signs of disease or pests, and take preventive measures if necessary. Common pests and diseases include aphids, mites, rust, root rot, and powdery mildew.

Aphids are small insects that feed on the sap of chamomile plants. These insects can be controlled with regular hosing or spraying with insecticidal soap. Mites are small, eight-legged insects that feed on the underside of the leaves. They can be treated with a miticide.

Rust is a fungal infection that causes orange spots on the leaves of chamomile plants. It can be treated with a fungicidal spray. Root rot is another fungal infection that can damage the roots of chamomile plants. To prevent it, plant chamomile in well-draining soil and water it only when it is dry.

Powdery mildew is a common fungal infection. It looks like a white, powdery coating on the surface of the leaves. To prevent it, ensure adequate air circulation and keep the leaves of the chamomile plants dry.

Preserving and Storing Chamomile

Preserving and storing your chamomile plants can make a world of difference to your gardening experience. Once you have carefully harvested the flowers, it is essential to keep them fresh and aromatic for as long as possible. Here are some tips to ensure you get the most out of your chamomile plants:

Dry the flowers:

One of the most popular ways to store chamomile plants is to dry the flowers in a cool, dark place for two to three days. This will help to remove any moisture and preserve their aroma.

Vacuum sealing:

Vacuum sealing your chamomile flowers can help to retain the flavor and prevent them from getting moldy. This method will also help to keep the flowers fresh for up to six months.

Freeze drying:

Another popular method of preserving chamomile plants is to freeze-dry them. This method involves subjecting the flowers to temperatures as low as -50 degrees Celsius to preserve their aroma and flavor. Freeze drying can help extend chamomile plants’ shelf life by up to a year.

Store in an airtight container:

Store them in an airtight container to maintain the freshness of your chamomile plants and preserve their aroma. Placing the container in a cool, dry place can also help ensure the flowers stay fresh for an extended period.



Growing chamomile plants is a great way to add a delightful new flavor to your favorite tea blends or to enjoy it straight! If you follow this guide, you’ll be sipping a cup of freshly brewed chamomile tea in no time!

When choosing a chamomile location, ensure it gets plenty of sunlight and is in well-draining soil. Your chamomile will grow like a champ with proper care and regular weeding and mulching. Don’t forget to water regularly, fertilize and protect against pests and diseases.

Finally, you can enjoy the fruits of your labor by harvesting the flowers and then preserving and storing the chamomile. You can use chamomile flowers to make delicious tea and even create your homemade spa treatments with the proper steps.

Whether you’re growing chamomile for its delicious taste or want to enjoy other benefits like reduced stress, growing chamomile plants is a fun and rewarding activity. With a little effort, you can watch your chamomile plants come to life and enjoy the benefits for a long time.


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