A Look Into The Different Types Of Lavender Plants

  • By: Succulents Plants
  • Date: January 5, 2023
  • Time to read: 10 min.
Lavender Plant Types
Photo by courtesy of viki2win

Are you looking for a beautiful, fragrant addition to your garden this spring? If yes, then lavender plants are a perfect choice! Lavender is well-known for its unforgettable scent and many versatile uses. In this article, we’ll look into the different types of lavender plants, their many benefits, and tips for growing lavender in your garden. So, let’s get started and explore the world of lavender!

Types of Lavender

Lavender is a beautiful addition to any garden. Lavender is a fragrant and ornamental flower whose essential oils and extracts have been used in many different ways, from soaps and shampoos to home remedies and aromatherapy. It’s no wonder so many people have come to love this versatile plant. With its calming fragrance, natural healing properties, and wide variety of colors, many people have come to recognize lavender as an essential part of a well-rounded garden.

There are wide varieties of lavender to choose from, ranging from the typical English lavender to the more exotic combinations like Spanish Lavender. No matter which type of lavender you decide to incorporate into your garden, it is essential to understand the characteristics of each so you can make the best decision and get the most out of your lavender plants.

English Lavender

English Lavender is a type of lavender native to the Mediterranean region and is one of the most popular types of lavender plants. It is an evergreen shrub that usually grows up to a meter in height, with a spread of approximately 0.7 meters. Its leaves are grayish-green, and its stems and branches are covered in tiny, aromatic flowers of purple and lilac color.

English lavender thrives in well-drained soil, either in full sun or partial shade, and can tolerate temperatures as low as -10 °C. It is a very hardy plant and is quite resistant to pests, making it ideal for the home garden.

English lavender is easy to grow and can be propagated from cuttings or grown from seeds. It can also be used as a hedge or feature in a garden and a stunning addition to any flower bed. It’s well-known for its therapeutic, calming qualities and is often used in producing essential oils, perfumes, and craft projects. Its pleasant scent and beautiful colors make it one of the most popular lavender plants.

English lavender is an excellent choice for both the beginner and experienced gardener, as it is easy to care for and very rewarding. Whether used as a hedge, a feature, or to add a beautiful scent to the garden, English lavender is ideal for anyone who wants to enjoy this amazing plant’s many benefits.

French Lavender

French lavender (Lavandula stoechas) is a popular type of lavender widely cultivated for cooking, cosmetics, and medicinal applications. It is an evergreen perennial shrub that grows up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall with a broad, rounded shape. The leaves are long and narrow, and the flowers are a deep purple.

French lavender is native to the Mediterranean region and is grown for its fragrant flowers and leaves. French lavender is often used in herbal teas, perfumes, and potpourris. The flowers are also used in dried bouquets and wreaths. The leaves are added to salads, sauces, and casseroles. The essential oil derived from French lavender is also used in aromatherapy to provide a calming effect.

French lavender has many health benefits and is often used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and musculoskeletal pain. It is also an antispasmodic, which can help reduce muscle spasms and cramps. The essential oil derived from French lavender can also treat skin conditions such as eczema and acne.

When growing French lavender, it is essential to provide plenty of sunlight and well-draining soil. French lavender also requires regular pruning, as it tends to become leggy and overgrown if not trimmed regularly. It can be propagated from seeds or softwood cuttings. Once established, French lavender can survive for many years and produce beautiful blooms for years to come.

Italian Lavender

Italian lavender is one of the most popular varieties of lavender and is valued for its beautiful fragrant flowers and unique shape. It is a member of the mint family, closely related to the popular lavender shrub. It is used for its therapeutic and medicinal properties, as well as for its sweet scent. Its flowers are an attractive deep purple color, and its leaves are a bright green.

Italian lavender is an excellent choice for small and container gardens due to its compact size, and it can be grown in containers, raised beds, or borders. It prefers full sun, although it will tolerate some shade. It is a hardy shrub that can withstand temperatures down to -15 degrees Fahrenheit and is relatively drought-tolerant.

To get the best out of your Italian lavender, it should be planted in well-drained soil in a sunny location. It should be watered regularly, as it tends to dry out quickly in hot weather. Pruning should be done in the late spring or early summer, encouraging more flowering.

Italian lavender is highly revered for its therapeutic properties due to its essential oils. It is often added to bath teas and soaks, used in massage therapies, and incorporated into potpourris. It is also used to make herbal teas and infusions, and its essential oils are used in aromatherapy.

Spanish Lavender

Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas) is a lavender plant native to the Mediterranean region. It is now cultivated worldwide, but it is trendy in Spain. Spanish lavender is known for its long and bushy shape, making it the ideal choice for gardening and landscaping.

Spanish lavender is a fast-growing, evergreen shrub that can reach heights of up to three feet. Its fragrant flowers come in various colors, from white to pink, purple, or blue. It blooms in late spring and early summer, and its blooms can last up to several weeks.

Spanish lavender is a hardy plant that is relatively easy to grow and maintain. It can be grown in various soil types, including clay, sand, and loam. It is drought-tolerant and can survive in hot and dry climates, but it needs full sun and well-drained soil to thrive. It is important to note that the plant needs to be pruned annually to keep its shape and prevent it from becoming too bushy.

In addition to its ornamental value, Spanish lavender has several culinary and medicinal uses. Its leaves and flowers can season the chicken, lamb, fish, and vegetable dishes. Its essential oils can treat skin issues like eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis. Lastly, its fragrant flowers can make teas, potpourris, or perfumes.

Uses of Lavender

The lavender plant is an herb that has been used for many centuries for its calming, soothing, and medicinal properties. There are many lavender plants, and each has its uses and benefits. This section will look at the different types of lavender plants and their uses.


Aromatherapy is often associated with lavender, and it’s no surprise why. There are dozens of types of lavender plants, all with their unique scents and benefits. Whether you’re looking to add a floral touch to your home or want to explore the therapeutic benefits of this plant, it’s essential to understand the different types of lavender plants available.

The most common type of lavender is Lavandula angustifolia or English lavender. This lavender is often seen in herb gardens or home aromatherapy diffusers. Its sweet, fresh scent is associated with relaxation. Another popular variety of lavender is Lavandula x intermedia, a hybrid of English and Portuguese lavender. This lavender is known for its solid and heady aroma, making it a popular choice for home fragrances and spa products.

Lavandula stoechas is another type of lavender, and it’s known for its woody fragrance. This lavender is often called Spanish lavender, and it’s commonly used in massage oils and cosmetics. Last but not least is Lavandula latifolia, which is also known as spike lavender. This lavender has a sweet and herbal scent, making it a popular choice for aromatherapy.

No matter which type of lavender you prefer, it’s important to remember that all lavenders have the same general therapeutic benefits. Lavender is known for its calming, relaxing effects and ability to soothe headaches and stress. It can also help alleviate stomachaches; some studies suggest that lavender plants can even help with insomnia.

Culinary Uses

Culinary uses for lavender plants have been around since ancient times, so it’s no surprise that today, we use different types of lavender plants in various ways in the kitchen. Lavender can be used in any dish, from sweet and savory recipes to flavorful drinks and desserts. Here we’ll explore the different types of lavender plants and their uses in the kitchen!

English lavender is one of the most popular types of culinary use. This lavender has a distinctive floral and herbaceous aroma, perfect for adding a unique flavor to dishes. English lavender is usually the most commonly used in baking and desserts, as it pairs exceptionally well with other sweet flavors. While baking, it’s best to use English lavender sparingly, as too much can make your dish taste too strong.

French lavender, on the other hand, is slightly sweeter than English lavender and features subtle notes of honey. This lavender is often used in savory dishes and pairs well with ingredients like olive oil and garlic. French lavender can be used as a rub, seasoning over meats, r as an infusion of sauces and soups.

Finally, Spanish lavender has a strong scent and flavor and is often used as a garnish in cocktails and drinks. Its bright, citrusy notes make it an ideal addition to light vodkas and gin-based drinks. Spanish lavender can also make flavorful syrups and infusions for baking and desserts.

Medicinal Uses

Regarding medicinal plants, lavender is at the top of the list. The different lavender plants have been used for centuries to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and even treat certain diseases. In this article, we will look at the many medicinal benefits of lavender and the various types of lavender plants available today.

The most common and widely available type of lavender is Lavandula angustifolia, also known as English lavender. This variety of lavender has a pleasant scent and is commonly used in aromatherapy. English lavender is known to help relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and promote relaxation. It is widely used to treat headaches, muscle cramps, and spasms and even reduce the symptoms of colds and other respiratory ailments.

Lavandula stoechas, or Spanish lavender, is native to the Mediterranean region. Spanish lavender is known to have a solid and intense scent and is often used in aromatherapy. This variety of lavender is known to have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties and can help treat skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Lavandula latifolia, also known as Spike lavender, is a type of lavender that grows in the Mediterranean region. This variety of lavender has a sweet, spicy scent and is often used to make fragrant oils. Spike lavender is known to have potent anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antiseptic properties and is commonly used to treat joint pain, muscle spasms, and wounds.

Lavandula x intermedia, also known as Lavandin, is a hybrid of English and Spanish lavender. Lavandin has a slightly different scent than other types of lavender and is often used in perfumes and aromatherapy. This variety of lavender is known to have strong anti-inflammatory properties and is often used to treat pain and reduce swelling.

Finally, Lavandula multifida, or Fernleaf lavender, is a type of lavender native to the Mediterranean region. Feathered lavender is known to have an intense scent and is often used in aromatherapy. This variety of lavender is known to have potent antiseptic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties and is commonly used to treat skin infections, wounds, and even headaches.

Care Tips for Growing Lavender

Location: Lavender plants love full sun and could do better in shady spots. Ideally, you want to choose a place in your garden that gets at least 8 hours of direct sunlight daily.

Soil: Lavender plants prefer well-draining soil, so if you have clay or heavy soil, add some sand or compost to help improve drainage. If you’re buying a potting mix specifically for lavender, make sure it has the words “free draining” on the label.

Water: Lavender plants are surprisingly drought tolerant, so you don’t need to worry about overwatering it. For best results, keeping the soil consistently moist throughout the growing season is essential. Aim to water your lavender once or twice a week, and ensure to water deeply instead of lightly.

Fertilizer: Lavender plants are not heavy feeders and does best with a light application. If you’re using a liquid fertilizer, dilute it to half-strength and apply it every two to four weeks.

Pruning: Pruning is essential to promote healthy growth and the production of essential oils. Lavender has two main growth periods, spring and summer, so prune it twice a year, once in the spring and again in the summer. When pruning, remove any dead stems and clean up any overcrowded areas.


In conclusion, lavender plants are a great addition to any garden. They can be used for aromatherapy, culinary dishes, and medicinal remedies. The four main types of lavender plants – English, French, Italian, and Spanish – have unique characteristics that can be used in various ways. The most important thing to remember when growing lavender plants is to provide them with plenty of sunlight and well-draining soil. With regular care and attention, one could easily have a beautiful and fragrant lavender garden that will bring joy and relaxation to any outdoor space.


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