Caring For Your Kidney Bean Plant: A Step-by-Step Guide

  • By: Succulents Plants
  • Date: January 9, 2023
  • Time to read: 9 min.
Kidney Bean Plants
Photo by FYMStudio

Are you looking for a low-maintenance plant that will add a splash of color and texture to your home or garden? If so, you’ll want to take a look at the wonderful kidney bean plant! This easy-to-care-for, vibrant vine produces beautiful, glossy pods boasting kidney-shaped beans that you can use for a variety of culinary purposes. In this guide, we will cover everything you need to know to get started, from choosing a pot to harvesting the beans. So, let’s get growing!

What is a Kidney Bean Plant?

A kidney bean plant (Phaseolus vulgaris) is an annual herbaceous plant in the legume family Fabaceae. Its edible pods and seeds are used in many popular dishes around the world. As its name implies, the beans have a kidney-like shape and are typically dark red, although there are also varieties that vary in color from yellow to black.

The leaves of kidney bean plants are glossy green, with a silvery underside. The plant can grow up to three feet high and can spread up to two feet wide. The plant produces beautiful yellow flowers in the summer and pods of beans in the autumn.

Kidney bean plants prefer warm temperatures and need full sunlight to thrive. They also need plenty of water and should be planted in well-drained soil. The plants are susceptible to rot if exposed to too much moisture. Because of this, it is important to plant them in an area with good drainage.

Kidney bean plants are relatively easy to grow and can be harvested within two months of planting. For the best results, you should use fresh seeds and remember to water them regularly. Adding some organic fertilizer to the soil will help the plant thrive even more.

Once harvested, the beans must be dried and stored in airtight containers until ready for use. The beans can then be cooked any way you like for a delicious and nutritious meal.

Kidney bean plants are a great way to add some delicious, protein-rich food to your diet. With their simple requirements and easy-to-follow care instructions, anyone can have a successful harvest and enjoy their delicious beans.

Where to Plant Your Kidney Bean Plant

Choosing a Pot

Size – The size of the pot is very important. It should be large enough to hold the appropriate amount of soil for the root system, but not so large that it causes the roots to become crowded. Generally speaking, an 8-10′ pot will be sufficient for most plants, though larger varieties such as kidney bean plants may need a pot of up to 12”.

Material – The material of the pot can affect the plant’s growth. Clay pots are great for allowing excess water to escape through the sides, but make sure not to leave them in direct sunlight as the sun can make them too hot for the plant. Plastic pots are a good choice for kidney bean plants as they are lightweight and durable.

Drainage – The pot should have drainage holes so that excess water can escape and the roots can get enough oxygen. Make sure the pot has several holes around the bottom and sides of the pot for good drainage.

Sunlight Requirements

Kidney bean plant should get a full six to eight hours of sunlight every day. If you are growing the plant indoors, using a combination of both natural and artificial light is a great way to meet the plant’s requirements. Make sure the artificial light is a fluorescent bulb that emits about 20 watts of light for each square foot of growing area.

When placing the kidney bean plant outdoors, make sure it is in a spot that receives direct sunlight for most of the day. Also, make sure the plant is protected from strong winds and any intense heat, as too much direct sunlight can be damaging to the plant.

Soil Type

The ideal soil type for a kidney bean plant is well-drained, loamy soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. Loamy soil contains a mix of sand, silt and clay, which allows for good drainage and aeration, giving your plant the space and oxygen it needs to grow. It’s important to note that the soil should not be overly acidic or alkaline, or it can lead to decreased yield and stunted growth.

A moderate amount of compost or manure should be added to ensure that your plant has the necessary nutrients for growth. You can also add organic matter such as leaf mold or peat moss to increase the soil’s ability to hold moisture and nutrients, which will be beneficial for your kidney beans.

It’s also important to keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy, as too much moisture can lead to root rot and other diseases. Check the soil regularly and water as necessary to ensure that your kidney bean plants have access to enough moisture.

How to Plant Your Kidney Bean Plant

Growing a kidney bean plant is an exciting and fulfilling endeavor. It’s relatively easy to take care of, and it’s a great way to get your green thumb on the job. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to plant your kidney bean plant and get it off to a great start!

Step 1: Acquire the Necessary Supplies

Before you get started, you’ll need to make sure you have everything you need to start your kidney bean plant. You’ll need a pot with drainage holes in the bottom, soil, and kidney bean seeds. You can find all of these items at most home improvement stores or gardening centers.

Step 2: Prepare the Soil

Once you have all the necessary materials, you’ll need to prepare the soil for your kidney beans. Fill the pot about ¾ of the way with potting soil. Make sure to use a lightweight soil that drains well and won’t compact when wet.

Step 3: Plant the Seeds

Next, it’s time to plant the kidney bean seeds. You’ll want to leave about an inch or so between each seed. The seeds should be planted about an inch deep, and you should make sure to press down on the soil lightly so that it’s firmly packed around the seed.

Step 4: Water

Once you have planted your seeds, you’ll need to water them. Be sure to water them deeply but not too frequently; you don’t want to drown the seeds. A gentle spray every day or two should do the trick.

Step 5: Prepare for Germination

Once the seeds have been planted, it’s time to wait. It typically takes a few weeks for the seeds to germinate and sprout. You’ll want to make sure to keep the soil evenly moist during this time.

Once the germination process has begun, you’ll need to make sure to provide your kidney bean plant with plenty of sunlight and water. The plant will need at least six hours of sunlight each day in order to grow healthily and to produce a healthy yield of kidney beans.

Caring for Your Kidney Bean Plant

Caring for your kidney bean plant is easier than you might think. All you need are the right supplies and a little bit of knowledge, and your kidney bean plant will be thriving in no time. Here are the basic steps you’ll need to follow to successfully care for your kidney bean plant:

Watering Requirements

First, you’ll want to make sure the soil is moist. This is best accomplished by checking the soil with your fingers. If the soil is dry for more than an inch or two below the surface, it’s time to water.

You should be sure to water your kidney bean plant deeply, but not excessively. The soil should be damp but not soggy. This is best accomplished by slowly and evenly dispersing the water over the entire pot. You should also avoid flooding the plant with the water, as this can cause root rot.

Also, you should avoid watering your kidney bean plant at night. Instead, water it during the brightest part of the day. This gives the plant enough time to absorb the water before the sun sets.

Water your kidney bean plant about once a week. This can vary, however, depending on factors such as the heat and humidity of your region. During hot and humid times, you may need to water your bean plant more often. On the other hand, if you live in a cooler region, you may need to water less frequently.

Fertilizing Requirements

First and foremost, you should use a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content. Nitrogen helps to promote healthy leaf and stem growth. In addition, it provides the plant with much-needed energy. You can find nitrogen fertilizer at your local garden center or hardware store.

You should also make sure to apply the fertilizer on a regular basis. The amount of fertilizer you will need will vary depending on the type of kidney bean plant you have. For younger plants, you should avoid applying too much fertilizer until they are established. Once your plants are mature, you can apply a light dose of fertilizer every few weeks.

It’s also important to make sure that your kidney bean plant has access to plenty of moisture. It’s best to water them from the base of the plant, as this will ensure that the roots receive adequate moisture. If you are using a fertilizer that contains nitrogen, you should avoid over-watering your plant, as this can cause root rot.

Keep in mind that different types of kidney beans require different amounts of fertilizer. For instance, bush beans will require more fertilizer than pole beans. It’s important to research the type of kidney bean plant you have in order to determine the best fertilizer for your specific plant.

Pruning Requirements

The first step in pruning is to remove any dead, diseased, or damaged leaves. This should be done before any other kind of pruning. Removing any dead foliage can help to improve the overall look of the plant and make sure it’s not just taking energy away from the living parts of the plant. Additionally, diseased leaves can spread diseases to the rest of the plant, so it’s important to make sure any diseased parts are removed immediately.

Once you’ve removed any dead or diseased foliage, you can start pruning any overly long or unkempt branches. You want to make sure the branches are neat and well-shaped. If any branches extend too far out from the center of the plant, you can trim them back to a more manageable length. Additionally, you can also trim any branches that are rubbing against each other so they don’t damage each other.

After the initial pruning is done, you should check on the plant every few weeks. If there are any new, overly long or unkempt branches that have grown, you can trim them back to a more manageable size. This can help to keep the plant looking neat and attractive.

Don’t forget to check your plant for any signs of pests or diseases. If you notice any pests or diseases, you should take immediate action and seek advice from a professional if necessary.

Harvesting Your Kidney Beans

First, you’ll need to figure out when your kidney beans are ready to harvest. Kidney beans are typically ready to harvest about two to three weeks after the flowers on the plant have withered and fallen off. You can also check for doneness by gently squeezing the pods for firmness. When the beans are ready, you’ll want to harvest them as soon as possible to keep them from splitting open.

To harvest your kidney beans, use a pair of scissors or pruning shears to snip off the stem about two inches from the base of the plant. Then, grab the stem and gently pull the entire pod away from the plant. Be careful to avoid pulling the stem off the plant, as this could damage the roots. You’ll want to collect all the pods before they split open.

Once you have collected all the pods, you’ll need to remove the beans from their pods. Put the pods in a large bowl and lightly thump them until the beans start to emerge. Then, you can easily remove the beans by hand.


Congratulations! You have made it to the end of this article and now have the perfect knowledge for how to care for your kidney bean plant! The key to success here is to provide the proper sunlight requirements, soil type, watering, and pruning so that your plant can reach its full potential. With the right mixture of these elements, you can rest assured that you will have a wonderful harvest of kidney beans to enjoy during the summer months. So, pick out a spot in your garden, break out your gardening tools, and get started on this exciting step-by-step guide to growing your very own kidney bean plant!


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