Caring For Your Geranium Plant: A Comprehensive Guide

  • By: Succulents Plants
  • Date: February 4, 2023
  • Time to read: 9 min.

Caring For Your Geranium Plant A Comprehensive Guide

With its stunning colors, delicate petals, and fragrant aroma, the geranium plant is a fantastic addition to any garden. But to keep your geraniums healthy and vibrant, it’s essential to care for them properly. This comprehensive guide will give you all the information you need to maintain your geranium plant, from choosing the right geranium to recognizing and preventing common problems. With this guide, you’ll soon be able to enjoy the beauty of geraniums in your garden for years to come.

What is a Geranium Plant?

A geranium plant is a flowering plant from the Geraniaceae family related to the Pelargonium genus. This plant is commonly referred to as a “geranium” and is native to South Africa. It is a perennial, meaning it will survive throughout the winter and bloom in the late spring or early summer. Geraniums are available in various colors, including white, pink, purple, and red.

Geraniums can be used as decorative plants both outdoors and indoors. They are also great for borders and window boxes. When grown outdoors, geraniums typically reach about three feet and spread about one and a half feet in width. Geraniums have bright, bold blooms that can last for several weeks, making them a popular choice for gardeners.

Caring for Geranium Plants

Caring for your geranium plants is essential to keep them healthy and vibrant. While geraniums are relatively easy to take care of, it is essential to give them the attention and care they need to stay beautiful. Here is a comprehensive guide on how to care for geraniums.

Location and Sunlight Requirements

The first step in finding the right place for your geranium is choosing a sunny spot with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Geraniums love sunlight, which will help them bloom consistently throughout summer. If your chosen spot does not get enough direct sunlight each day, you can supplement it with artificial lighting in the form of grow lights or other supplemental lighting sources.

When planting your geranium, it is essential to give it enough space to grow without crowding it. If you are planting multiple geraniums, ensure they are evenly spaced out and have room to spread. Additionally, ensure the soil your geranium is in is well-draining and not too dry. Avoid planting your geranium in an area that gets flooded or is frequently hit by strong winds, as this can damage delicate foliage.

Finally, when caring for your geranium, it is essential to remember that it is a plant that prefers a lot of sunlight. Move your geranium plant into direct sunlight for the maximum amount of light possible. If you live in an area where the sun is scarce, you can supplement with other lighting sources to provide your geranium’s necessary sunlight to stay healthy. Additionally, you can use unique shading products to help protect your geranium from too much direct sunlight, which can be helpful in some regions with prolonged or intense sunlight.

Watering Requirements

To begin, geraniums need to be watered consistently. To ensure they have the proper amount of water, plan to water your geraniums around once a week. Make sure to check the soil before you water, however. If it feels damp, you may be able to wait another day or two before watering again. If the soil feels dry, it’s time to water your geraniums.

Regarding the amount of water, you should aim to water your geraniums until the soil is completely saturated. This can typically be done with a few minutes of the water running steadily. The goal is to get the entire root system saturated.

Be sure to water at the base of your geraniums, avoiding the leaves and flowers, as the water droplets can damage these. Also, when using a hose or sprinkler, keep the water pressure low and avoid the high-pressure setting. This will help maintain the health of your geraniums.

Your geraniums should also be watered to the point that excess water is coming out at the bottom of the pot. This will help you know that the entire root system is getting enough water and also help get rid of excess salts and minerals that can build up in the soil around your geraniums.

Finally, it’s best to water your geraniums in the mornings or evenings when the sun isn’t out. This will help the water soak into the soil and reach the entire root system, as well as help prevent evaporation.

Fertilizing Requirements

When selecting a fertilizer, it is essential to understand the needs of your geranium. As a tropical plant, geraniums require more nutrients than other plants. Therefore, selecting a fertilizer that contains all of the essential nutrients your geranium needs is important. Some of the most important nutrients for a geranium include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

It is also essential to select a fertilizer designed explicitly for geraniums. Several companies make a fertilizer specifically designed for tropical plants, such as geraniums. They have the correct balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to ensure your geranium gets the nutrients it needs.

It is also essential to consider how much fertilizer you give your plant. Too much fertilizer can damage your geranium, so it is essential to follow the instructions on the fertilizer package for the amount of fertilizer to give the plant. Using half of the recommended amount on the package is generally recommended, then adjusting from there.

Pruning and Trimming

Pruning and trimming your geranium plant is integral to proper care for your plant. Pruning removes dead, damaged, or overgrown stems and leaves from your plant to keep it healthy and look its best. Trimming slightly differs from pruning, focusing more on shaping your geranium’s foliage and stems.

Remove any dead, diseased, or damaged foliage and branches when pruning your geranium plant. This will help to reduce any further damage caused by bacteria and fungi that can find their way into these weakened areas and cause infection. After pruning off the dead material, you can remove any overgrown or excess stems that crowd the other stems and leaves or block sunlight from reaching the lower foliage. It would be best if you also looked out for any areas of the plant that are congested and need thinning. Once you are done pruning, you may want to apply a fertilizer to the remaining foliage to help promote healthy growth.

Trimming your geranium plant is a great way to give your plant a neat look. Start by removing stray or broken stems and leaves protruding from the plant. Then, carefully trim the remaining stems and leaves, shaping them with scissors or shears. This will help to keep your geranium’s foliage looking neat and even. Try to avoid pruning more than a third of your geranium’s foliage at one time, as this will reduce the amount of photosynthesis the plant can produce.

Remember that over-pruning can lower the production of flowers, so be sure to carefully trim only the necessary parts of the plant. Additionally, keep an eye on the amount of sunlight your geranium receives. Too much direct sunlight can cause your geranium to become leggy and need frequent pruning and trimming.

Common Problems and Solutions

Caring for a geranium plant can be a rewarding experience, but as with any living thing, it is prone to specific problems that can cause it to suffer. Identifying and addressing common issues can help you keep your geranium plant healthy and beautiful.

Pest Control

Controlling pests is an essential part of taking care of your geranium plant. An infestation of pests can cause severe damage to your plant, resulting in stunted growth and foliage discoloration. To keep your geraniums in top condition, it is essential to keep an eye out for signs of pest infestation and take action immediately.

The most common pests that infest geranium plants are aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, whiteflies, and scale. Be on the lookout for signs such as white powdery spots, yellowing of foliage, wilted or curled leaves, or insect droppings.

If you have identified an infestation, it is essential to take action quickly to prevent the spread of pests. There are various ways to control pests on geranium plants, such as using horticultural oils, insecticidal soaps, or commercial insecticides. You can use neem oil, garlic oil spray, or a mixture of hot pepper and water for a more natural approach.

It is essential to read and follow the label instructions for any pesticide or insecticide you use, as these products can be toxic to humans and animals if misused. It is also a good idea to cover your geranium plants with a cloth or plastic barrier to protect them from any pesticide drift when spraying.

In addition to chemical treatments, simple preventive measures can help protect your geranium plants from pest infestations. Ensure your plants are well-watered and fertilized and prune any wilted or discolored leaves to reduce overcrowding. Additionally, using a good quality insecticidal soap or neem oil to spray your plants can help ward off pest infestations.

Disease Prevention and Treatment

Geraniums are hardy plants that can tolerate a variety of environmental conditions and can bring a lot of life and color to any garden. However, like all plants, geraniums are susceptible to various diseases and health problems that can affect their growth and appearance. Therefore, it is essential to take preventative measures to avoid disease and apply treatments for diseased plants as needed. This section will provide a comprehensive guide to preventing and treating common geranium diseases.


The key to keeping your geraniums healthy is to provide the right conditions and to pay attention to the signs of disease. Providing suitable soil, watering, and temperature conditions can help prevent geraniums from becoming exposed to the pathogens that cause disease. Plant geraniums in well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter, providing enough water to keep the soil moist but not soggy. If the temperature falls below 55°F (13°C), you may want to cover your plants or bring them indoors to protect them from the cold.

Regarding disease prevention, it is also essential to inspect your plants regularly for signs of disease. Look for signs such as yellowing or discoloration of leaves, wilting, and the presence of fungus or pests. If you notice any of these symptoms, try to remove the affected plant or parts of the plant immediately to prevent the spread of the disease.


If your geraniums are suffering from an infection, you can try a few methods to treat the problem. One of the most common diseases is powdery mildew, a white or gray powdery substance on the plant’s leaves. To treat this disease, spray the affected leaves with baking soda and a few drops of dish soap.

Root rot is another common disease that affects geraniums. This is caused by too much water, and you can often treat it by aerating the soil and allowing it to dry out to a more moderate level. If the root rot has already done significant damage, you may need to report the geranium in fresh soil to help it recover.

Finally, if your geraniums are affected by pests such as aphids, whiteflies, or mealybugs, you can use insecticidal soap or horticultural oil to get rid of them. As with other treatments, it is essential to follow the instructions on the product label to ensure the safety of your plants.


In conclusion, caring for a Geranium Plant is relatively easy and very rewarding. The unique and vivid colors of the flowers will bring vibrancy and life to any outdoor or indoor space. When given adequate sunlight, water, and fertilizer, Geranium Plants can bloom for many months, providing enjoyment. With proper care, these plants can be a natural source of pest control, disease prevention, and stress relief. Plus, with the diverse types of Geraniums available, there is sure to be a perfect plant for you and your environment. So pick up some Geraniums today and discover why these plants have been a garden favorite for centuries!


Read more:

Caring For A Spruce Plant: A Comprehensive Guide

Growing and Caring For Your Poinsettia Plants

Growing and Caring For Your Camellia Plants

Caring For A Spruce Plant A Comprehensive Guide

Previous Post

Caring For A Spruce Plant: A Comprehensive Guide

Next Post

How To Grow And Care For Clusia Plants

How To Grow And Care For Clusia Plants