Ultimate Guide to Succulents
A brief definition of succulents is that they’re drought resistant plants during which the stem, leaves, or roots became quite usually fleshy by the event of water-storing tissue. Other sources exclude roots as within the definition “a plant with thick, fleshy and swollen stems and/or leaves, adapted to dry environments”.
This difference affects the connection between succulents and “geophytes” – plants that survive unfavorable seasons as a resting bud on an underground organ.
These underground organs, like bulbs, corms, and tubers, are often fleshy with water-storing tissues. Thus if roots are included within the definition, many geophytes would be classed as succulents.
How to care for succulents at home?
Plants adapted to living in dry environments like succulents are termed xerophytes.
However, all xerophytes are not succulents, since they’re other ways of adapting to a shortage of water, e.g., by developing small leaves which may roll up or having leathery rather than succulent leaves.
Nor are all succulent plants xerophytes, since plants like Crassula helmsii are both succulent and aquatic.
Those who grow succulents as a hobby use the term during a special way from botanists.
In horticultural use, the succulent term regularly excludes cacti. as an example: Jacobsen’s three-volume Handbook of Succulent Plants doesn’t cover cacti, and “cacti and succulents” is that the title or a neighborhood of the title of the various books covering the cultivation of these plants.
However, in botanical terminology, cacti are succulents. Horticulturists also can exclude other groups of plants, e.g., bromeliads. Unscientific, but a practical horticultural definition is “a succulent plant is any xerophyte that a succulent plant collector wishes to grow.”
Such plants less often include geophytes (in which the swollen storage organ is wholly underground) but do include plants with a caudex, which can be a swollen above-ground organ at soil level, formed from a stem, a root or both.
A further difficulty is that plants aren’t either succulent or non-succulent. In many genera and families, there’s an endless gradation from plants with thin leaves and normal stems to those with very clearly thickened and fleshy leaves or stems, so that deciding what’s a succulent is typically arbitrary. Different sources may classify the same species differently.
How Often to Water Succulents?
Why can succulent plants grow without much water?
In botany definition, succulent houseplants are also mentioned as succulents, are plants with parts that are thickened, fleshy, and engorged, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions.
The Succulent word comes from the Latin word succus, meaning ‘juice’, or ‘sap’. Succulent plants may store water in various structures, like leaves and stems. Some definitions also include roots, thus geophytes that survive unfavorable periods by dying back to underground storage organs could even be considered succulents.
In horticultural use, the term succulent is typically utilized in how which excludes plants that botanists would consider succulents, like cacti. Succulents are often grown as ornamental plants thanks to their striking and bizarre appearance, also as their ability to thrive with relatively minimal care.
Many houseplant families have multiple succulents found within them (over 25 plant families). In some families, like Aizoaceae, Cactaceae, and Crassulaceae, most species are succulents. The habitats of these water preserving plants are often in areas with high temperatures and low rainfall, like deserts.
Succulent houseplants have the facility to thrive on limited water sources, like dew and mist, which makes them equipped to survive in an ecosystem that contains scarce water sources.
Succulents are favored as houseplants for his or her attractiveness and straightforward care. If properly potted, succulent plants require little maintenance to survive indoors.
Succulents are very adaptable houseplants and may thrive during a variety of indoor conditions. for several plant owners, over-watering and associated infections are the foremost explanation for death in succulents.
Succulents Types and How To Propagate Succulents:
There are many types of succulents. Succulents are often propagated by different means. the foremost common is vegetative propagation; this includes cuttings where several inches of stem with leaves are cut and after healing produce a callus. After hebdomadally approximately roots may grow.
Please watch complete video to know “how to propagate succulents”. You can use the same procedure for Money Plants, Rubber Plants or Ficus Elastica, Dracaena or Dry Senia, Lemon Croton, and Coleus. Take a cutting of above mentioned succulent plants and dip in water or also you can put it in soil. If you are dip cutting in water then after you saw roots of succulents you can transfer it in the pot. Please watch the complete video.
The leaf then dries out and a callus forms preventing the leaf from absorbing an excessive amount of moisture and thus rotting. This method typically takes up to a few weeks to provide healthy roots which can eventually create new plants. The vegetative propagation is often different according to the species.
Other than Antarctica, succulents are often found within each continent. While it’s often thought that the bulk succulents come from dry areas like steppes, semi-desert, and desert, the world’s driest areas don’t bring proper succulent habitats. Australia, the world’s driest continent, hosts only a couple of native succulents because of the frequent and prolonged droughts.
Even Africa, the continent with the foremost native succulents, doesn’t host many of the plants in its most dry regions. However, while succulents are unable to grow in these harshest of conditions, they’re able to grow in conditions that are uninhabitable by other plants.
In fact, many succulents are able to thrive in dry conditions, and a couple of are able to last up to 2 years without water relying on their surroundings and adaptations.
Succulents also can occasionally occur as epiphytes, growing on other plants with limited or no contact with rock bottom, and are enthusiastic about their ability to store water & gain nutrients.
This niche is seen in Tillandsia. Succulent houseplants also occur as inhabitants of dry lakes and sea coasts, which are exposed to high levels of dissolved minerals that are deadly to many other plant species.
Potted succulent plants are able to grow in most indoor environments with minimal care.
The storage of water often gives succulent plants a more swollen or fleshy appearance than other plants, a characteristic referred to as succulence.
additionally, to succulence, succulent plants variously produce other water-saving features. These may include:
Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) to attenuate water loss
absent, reduced, or cylindrical-to-spherical leaves
reduction within the number of stomata
stems because the main site of photosynthesis, instead of leaves
compact, reduced, cushion-like, columnar, or spherical growth form
ribs enabling rapid increases in plant volume and decreasing area exposed to the sun
hairy, waxy, or spiny outer surface to makes a damp micro-habitat around the plant, which reduces air movement near the surface of the plant, and thereby reduces water loss and creates shade
roots very near the surface of the soil, in order that they are ready to take up moisture from very small showers or maybe from heavy dew
ability to stay plump and filled with water even with high internal temperatures (e.g., 52 °C or 126 °F)
very impervious outer cuticle (skin)
mucilaginous substances, which retain water abundantly.